Vitamin B12 is vital for the neurons, blood vessels and nerve tissue are well-functioning and healthy. The human body is able to store several years of B12 but those who are following the vegan or vegetarian diet or have problems with absorption are at risk of having a deficiency. Vitamin B12 deficiency or cobalamin insufficiency is fairly commonplace as it is estimated that there exist more than three million instances deficiency in vitamin B12 deficit within the United States alone.
1. Loss of Muscle Strength
If doctors are unable to link the cause of muscle fatigue to a particular problem, such as an excessive workout or new illness they could examine a vitamin B12 shortage. A lack of this essential nutritional element can reduce the flow of oxygen to those red blood cells which can affect the strength of muscles in varying degree.
The first indicators of the presence of a vitamin B12 deficiency is the frequent feeling of physical and mental fatigue, regardless of the amount of sleep the individual is getting. If an person consistently gets 8 hours of sleep each evening and still falls in bed at lunchtime, the lack of vitamin B12 might be at fault. Similar to muscle fatigue, low oxygen levels in red blood cells may cause chronic fatigue.
Everyone is occasionally a little forgetful. If this happens to be normal, it might be time to visit the doctor for blood teststhat might be able to reveal an B12 deficiency. It is, in fact, an absence of oxygen in the blood — and this is, the blood flowing to the brain which causes this condition.
4. Pins and Needles
A further early sign of an Vitamin B12 deficiency is feeling of electrical discharges in the body. A large number of people describe sensation of pins and needles that is like the prickly feel when sitting on one’s feet or lying on one’s back for longer than necessary. Similar to the majority of symptoms associated with Vitamin B12 deficiencies, this one is due to a lack of oxygenation in red blood cells.
5. Pale Skin
A person with a scaly skin who has received enough sunlight may be a sign of a vitamin B12 deficiency. A lack of oxygen in the blood can cause the dull glowing skin that is generally associated with health. Some people may also have an orange or jaundiced complexion when red blood cells break down and break up quickly. The breakdown releases bilirubin, which is the reason for jaundice.
Being dizzy for no reason could be an early indication of an vitamin B12 deficiency. Many people are aware of this condition most often when they sit or stand too fast, or taking a walk up stairs. It usually occurs and goes away quickly. It is frequently attributed to other reasons, especially for those who are elderly or B12-related deficiencies, but they are usually ignored.
Vitamin B12 is vital for general mental health. People who have insufficient B12 have depression and anxiety and depression, which can be varying in intensity. When these symptoms, which a lot of people have from time-to-time are not resolved once the issue gets resolved or passes these symptoms could signal a vitamin shortage or any of a range of other health concerns.
8. Changes in the Tongue
Every healthy person has tiny bumps on the tongue’s surface known as the papillae. Patients suffering from vitamin B12 deficiency might notice that these bumps disappear after the tongue gets inflamed an illness known as glossitis. There may be a feeling of soreness in the rear of the tongue, or a burning sensation.
9. Vision Changes
Some patients suffering from Vitamin B12 deficiency can also suffer from vision issues, such as fuzzy spots blurred sight, shadows in the peripheral as well as double vision. Although these problems are symptoms of various ailments, they may be caused by insufficient vitamin B12. Although it is rare optic neuropathy is one of the most serious complications of a B12 deficiency, where the optic nerve is fragile and damaged, often leading to loss of central vision.
10. Weight Loss
Loss of weight can be caused by the vitamin B12 insufficiencies. The changes in the tongue that cause the papillae “disappear” directly affects the taste buds that are inside. In the end, an individual might eat less and consequently lose weight.